The Archerfish In A Specialized Aquarium, A Community Aquarium, And The Use Of Aquarium Plants

Maintaining Archerfish in a Specialized Aquarium. Archerfish are fascinating to watch because they use jets of water to wash insects into their home. Some believe that they are difficult to maintain but this is not necessarily true. There are five or six species of archerfish growing in size to up to half a meter. They are usually vertically striped.

The most easily available of the archerfish are the Toxotes jaculator and the T. chatareus. Both come from Asia but do not live in the same waters. The T. jaculator is found only in the brackish regions of the river while the T. chatareus is found in fresh water. The chatareus is most suitable for aquariums and can be easily identified by the small spot between the two front body bars.

These fish DO NOT get along with each other, so you have to choose whether you want a large aquarium with roots that can be easily set up in several different territories or do you want one fish species in a specialized or community tank. If they are in a community tank, it is not wise to use smaller fish as companions. As they feed they grow quite large with huge mouths. While not normally fish eaters, they should not be combined with smaller fish.

Archerfish are constantly on the move and love to swim. So, their aquarium should have a large area that is plant-free near the top of the tank to allow for their need to swim. Archerfish are not very demanding where their food is concerned; but, it must be of adequate size to tempt them.

Once the fish has become established you can feed it many different things. Archerfish like to eat fish, shrimp, raw beef, grasshoppers, and even boiled ham. When their food is placed on the water, they shoot towards it and snap for it and it is fun to watch them feed. DO NOT overfeed, especially when feeding meat! Archerfish can live for several years and will eventually become tame enough to take and eat food straight from your hand.

A Community Aquarium

The most frequently seen tanks are community aquariums. They are beautifully planted and decorated with rocks, roots, plants, and a variety of fish. To maintain water stability, a community aquarium should contain at least 70 liters of water or more, if possible. Remember, a larger aquarium is actually easier to maintain than a smaller one since the water in a smaller aquarium become murky much faster.

When preparing a community aquarium, you must remember that plants and fish have certain needs. You must plan for and meet those needs. Make sure to use fish and plants that have the same light and temperature requirements. While it is much easier to combine plants by this method, it is a different story altogether with fish. Some fish species have different requirements and cannot be put together!

It is very difficult to put too many plants into an aquarium in the beginning; but, it is quite easy to put in too many fish. Water quality will deteriorate very quickly in you overwhelm the tanks biological and filtering capacity, so add one or two fish a month and let the tank bacteria adjust to handle this new load. You must always avoid the temptation to purchase more fish than your aquarium can sustain.

There are no hard and fast rules about combining fish in a tank; however, there are a few basics that need to be observed. Schooling fish should never be kept alone or with only a few others of their variety. They thrive best when tank conditions replicate their ocean environment.

There are some fish that fight viciously with others of the species, especially males when it is spawning time. These fish should be kept singly or in pairs. Since they are normally quite accepting of other breeds it is suitable to put these fish together.

When stocking your aquarium for the first time, it is advisable to obtain a book from your local pet store that has a section on stocking. These books will not only provide you with information on how many fish can be put into a specific-sized aquarium, they will also give you information on the types of fish that can be safely combined.

Use of Aquarium Plants

Ecosystems like lakes, rivers, and forests are naturally balanced due to self-regulation. Because of natural cycles, they are basically self-sufficient. A predominant position is held by the green plants which capture and store energy from the sun in the form of sugar, fats, and proteins that serve as food for the animal and vegetable life they support.

In your aquarium, plants hold the same valuable importance and should be treated with great care. Only plants can use lighting to transform inorganic elements into nutrients. Plants need small organisms like bacteria and fungi (which break down dead organic substances into their basic elements) in order to continue to produce these nutrients. Between these two there is a natural balance that allows the plants to do the job they were designed to perform.

Looking at our aquarium along these lines we see that without constant interference from us this balance would be in great danger. We must add food, fertilizer, remove dead plants and animals, remove waste products with protein skimmers and partial water changes, and siphon off excess debris from within the aquarium.

Because of the various appliances available to create oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchanges in the tank, plants can be completely eliminated from an aquarium. However, if you wish to maintain a more natural and healthy system to provide fish with oxygen and hold down the nitrogen levels, plants are the simplest and most efficient means.

Plants also help maintain the level of algae growth. A healthy planting is a great preventative measure against algae that can overrun your tank. Planting an aquarium with a large variety of plants can be very expensive, so it is best to start with small bunches of the less expensive plants.

After the aquarium is established, you can replace these with the more decorative and attractive plants that you prefer.

Know About Iranian Architecture

Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Bathroom Installations Leeds Draughting Splendid Washrooms For Modern Homes

With bathrooms becoming an increasingly prominent part of home dcor, owners are taking greater interest in remodelling them to suit the rest of the house. Thanks to the demand that is soaring a degree northward every day, plenty of options have been set afloat in the market. Good renovators are no longer rare when planning for bathroom installations Leeds. The market today is populated with bathroom fabricators working with trendy fitments and quality manpower to transform your washroom into your favourite space. Offering plumbing repairs Leeds alongside, these providers work with professionals with experience and acumen to deliver quality services that meet the expectations of their customers.

A thing noticeable about the bathroom installations Leeds providers is their distinct work process. They do not just cater to your requirement, but help you determine your requirements to a large extent. Your bathroom is not just a place where you wash yourself off, but its a place of indulgence where you relax and rewind after a long day. Hence, it should reflect your persona to some extent. The plumbing repairs Leeds companies have huge experience in designing and redesigning bathrooms. Hence, they are fully familiar with the look and feel a bathroom should exude in keeping with the dcor of the house.

The professionals that run these bathroom installations Leeds companies have the kind of training needed to get everything inch-perfect. Their work specialties include everything from installation to repair, aesthetic to functional enhancements and everything else that comes within the purview of bathrooms. All you need is to verify the quality of service of the providers in order to get the job done with maximum accuracy. What sets a plumbing repairs Leeds company apart from another of its kind is their imagination in sketching out designs that will compliment the ambience and decoration of your home.

After perusing through their portfolio, youll have an extensive idea about the kind of work the providers have done in the past. You can either gather ideas from those works or envision a bathroom design for your home, or you can ask them to suggest something. The bathroom installations Leeds companies take a face to face appointment with the seekers to drop by and check the dcor of your home and the condition of your existing bathroom. Based on that, they make recommendations for aesthetic and functional improvements. The companies know perfectly well how to make maximum use of space and which fitment works best in a particular setting.

Before hiring a provider, make sure that you have checked the customer reviews of the providers. Make it a point to check through their finished works before appointing them to revamp your bathroom. You can also hire these providers to fix any kind of plumbing problems you are facing lately. Judge a provider by the kind of design they have crafted in the past and the kind of feedback they have received from their clients.

Enterprise Software Architecture – Improving Business of an Organization

Enterprise Architecture or Enterprise Software Architecture is the organizing logic that is used for business processes and software development service. It reflects the integration and standardizing needs of any organization’s operating representation.

Enterprise architects implement several methods and tools to get an idea of structure of an organization. To accomplish this task they produce several documents and models. These models and documents are called -artifacts.’ Artifacts are used to illustrate logical organization of business strategies, metrics and capabilities of business, information resource and networking infrastructure within the organization. A complete set of such artifacts are enough to illustrate the -enterprise’ architectural description of any organization, including software development companies.

The framework of enterprise architecture is an assortment of tools and processing models and assistance applied by architects in production of organization based architectural descriptions.

The main motive of architectural description of an organization is to enhance the efficiency of the business. Hence, it includes an array of tasks. While describing the architecture of an enterprise, architects pay attention to innovative structuring of the enterprise, centralized or federal business processing, quality offering before deadline and a justified expense on information technology. Information availed by architectural description can be used in various ways but its main purpose is to bring an improvement in the business functioning. In the present scenario, it is widely used by numerous companies to improve their business architectures, its performance and productivity.

Currently, Enterprise Software Architecture has become the key component of information technology control in almost every organization. Such companies have used a basic process of enterprise architecture as an important part of their information technology management strategy. The team of enterprise architects stands for different functions such as several aspects of performance engineering, IT portfolio management, management of metadata as well as improvement on custom software development services.

Low Cost Garden Design Ideas You’ll Want To Try

Are you looking for low maintenance and low cost garden design ideas? Choose a perennial garden that will greatly reduce your weed pulling and watering chores. Perennial flowers complimented by evergreen shrubs are a great choice for gardeners on the go. This combination allows anyone to cultivate a beautiful landscape with lots of shortcuts and is one of the best garden design ideas.

Selecting A Site For Your Garden

Selecting a site will be the first crucial step in planning a thriving perennial garden. Be aware of your ecological conditions to determine where an optimal site might be. The ease of access and visibility from the street, as well as within the home are factors to be considered.

Who says you have to build big? Forget all the stereotypes; not every beautiful garden consists of neat rows of cascading flowers and rows of shrubs. Get creative.

You may also want to use common sense when planning your garden; how much time can you commit to pruning, watering, and fertilizing? When looking to develop a low maintenance garden, it should be functional yet simple to maintain. Keep in mind, bigger is not always better. The smaller your garden, the fewer plants you must take care of.

Easy Use Landscape Fabric

When you begin a new perennial garden, spread a nonwoven polypropylene black landscape fabric over the soil. The fabric will keep weeds under control, embrace heat during cooler weather, and will allow the water to soak to the roots more efficiently.

Stop by a local gardening center and buy the non-biodegradable fabric that only weighs about 3 ounces per square yard. Use a few u-shaped metal stakes to hold down the fabric.

1. Measure your proposed planting site and keep in mind plants will spread out.

2. Break up any compacted soil and remove any weeds. Mix peat moss and composted manure into the soil if necessary.

3. Lay down the landscape fabric and secure the corners with metal stakes.

4. Get a bit creative by drawing a pattern or paths onto the fabric with chalk. Cut out the pattern you have drawn to display holes. This is where you will place your evergreens, seeds or plants, into each of the holes.

5. Space plants according to the recommendations on the labels. For a no-fuss garden, choose drought resistant plants, then fill in and cover completely with mulch.

6. A beautiful, healthy perennial garden requires water, fertilizer, and mulch. If you nourish your garden with time-release fertilizer it will continuously feed your plants for longer periods of time.

Developing good garden design ideas will surely provide years of beauty and enjoyment for you and your family.

Fathom Fountains Helps Bring Peace To Homes With Beautiful Indoor Fountains

Beautiful can bring peace to any home, apartment or office space. The look and sound of running water is an instant relaxer, and will put even the most anxious person at ease. Research has proven that homes with a running water feature installed into one of the main rooms, including floor and , both had more relaxed residents as well as happier families who engaged in fewer arguments and were less combative. Additionally, these families got more sleep and their sleep was less interrupted and of a higher quality.
The indoor fountains offered by Fathom Fountains come in a variety of styles, designs, colors, sizes and themes. They also come in a variety of prices, making it possible for virtually anyone to own one of our beautiful indoor fountains. Families who live in a larger home may be interested in a free standing floor fountain from one of our collections. make great entry pieces and are impressive in a foyer or entryway. Apartment dwellers may be interested in our line of wall fountains or perhaps one of our floor fountains that sit flush with a wall or in a corner.
The point is, anyone living in any space can enjoy the benefits of a water fountain installed into their home. Health benefits aside, our indoor fountains are stunning pieces of art as well. Many of our fountains are filled with vibrant, vivid colors and realistic scenes. We have many fountains that are tranquil and soothing as well. If you are looking for a religious themed fountain, you can find many at Fathom Fountains. Some of our fountains may be mistaken for paintings at first glance, and will only be recognized as water fountains upon closer inspection. This adds to their air of mystery and mystique.
Outdoor fountains are available through us as well, and we have recently gotten some new inventory in this category. Our outdoor fountains are constructed with the same vision as our indoor fountains, however they are built to withstand the test of time and to whether all seasons outdoors. Your outdoor fountain will make a great addition to your patio, screened in porch or outdoor living space. Imagine how nice it will be to sit outside on a breezy summer evening, listening to the tranquil sounds of your water fountain trickling beside you. We can’t wait to help you find the perfect fountain for your home.

Storytelling through Architecture

By Marina Correa Photography: Philippe Ruault; courtesy the architects

The Giraffe Childcare Centre designed by Hondelatte Laporte Architects introduces a dollop of fantasy into the routine lives of suburban Parisian townsfolk-

Niched between a towering structure, next to a neighbourhood built in the 70s and a newly constructed area, it was imperative that the healthcare centre did not -get lost’ within the urban landscape – hence the building is composed of three tiers and each is identified by a unique concrete animal sculpture.

The facades of the building are made out of white corrugated iron that provides a minimal background to the animal sculptures.

Interestingly, each of the south-facing playgrounds is in continuity with the interior spaces; while the urban landscape is animated using a child’s imagination. The wild animal sculptures appropriate a space: a giraffe appears to be peacefully eating the leaves of the trees from the neighbouring park; a polar bear tries to clamber up the steps, while a family of ladybirds climbs the faade in an attempt to reach the interior patio.

Architecture turns into storytelling. The building changes its identity and becomes a landscape in its own right; a metaphor for the urban jungle. The animals and the trees link the building to nature and motion.

Besides infusing a playful and poetic element, this building has also been awarded a green, zero energy efficiency label, making it not just aesthetically appeasing but also one that respects its environment.

Becoming a prominent landmark for the nursery, the affable animal forms transport us to a make-believe world. When pondered upon, definitely a project that goes way beyond the surface to attribute human characteristics and ethos to the emotional, functional routine of a child daycare centre.

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Bathroom Remodeling Ideal From Carpet, Illumination To Sound Systems

Your bathroom is one of the most important areas in your home and in fact, the bathroom has evolved from being a place to simply wash up to being a place to relax in. This is why so many products as well as fixtures are being sold today that help make your bathroom the ultimate place to relax in. There are therefore several wonderful bathroom remodeling ideas to take into account that will help in beautifying as well as making your bathroom a truly pleasurable place in your home.

More Comfort and Beauty

The main purpose of remodeling your bathroom should be to create a comfortable ambience and to also beautify the bathroom. Therefore, any bathroom remodeling idea must address these two aspects before anything else. The fact of the matter is that bathroom remodeling ideas can range from being very simple to very complex and which ones you choose all depend on your budget as well as the designs you wish to incorporate.

The size of your bathroom is an important deciding factor that will affect the kind of bathroom remodeling ideas you come up with in regard to accessorizing the bathroom, adding fixtures as well as remodeling the bathroom as a whole. Most people will include things such as adding bath heaters or showers as well as tubs at the top of their list of bathroom remodeling ideas.

Lighting is another important part of remodeling your bathroom and so, many bright bathroom remodeling ideas can be thought of when dealing with making your bathroom brighter in order to set certain kind of moods. You will also need to come up with creative bathroom remodeling ideas in regard to placement of lights as too the number of light fixtures to be used in your bathroom.

Shower accessories also will call for some bright bathroom remodeling ideas and here again you can choose from various items including shower curtains as too glass shower doors. Anything that fits in well in the available space and which adds to the safety of your bathroom should be considered.

Some people like to listen to their favorite songs when they are in their bathrooms. Adding a good sound system to your bathroom is another feature for which you will need to think of some very useful bathroom remodeling ideas.

Even when it concerns small bathroom remodeling ideas you will need to start off by setting into place some good plans and you will also need to come up with innovative designs that will help make best use of limited spaces. In fact, by simply focusing on just a couple of main areas of your small bathroom you can do wonders for this important area within your home.

Crafting Your Own Furniture

Crafting your own furniture is a time consuming process. Though it can take a great deal of time to design and sculpt your own pieces, many people enjoy the challenge. They are able to design the exact piece that they are interested in and then make it to their specifications. This means that they can get the exact piece of furniture that they want. Essentially, if they dream it, it can be made.

The first step is to decide exactly what they are looking for in furniture. They will need to know where the piece is going to go and the approximate dimensions. The next step is to decide who will be making the furniture. While there are many carpenters that will make the piece for you, you may want to make it yourself. You will need to take precise measurements and know the best pieces of material to use.

After you have determined the style and size of the piece you will begin construction. You will need to make sure that you are using sturdy materials. If you have never made a piece before, you should start small. You will not want to start on a very large project or piece unless you are confident in your skills. If you truly want to make a piece, but are unsure, hire someone to assist you. A carpenter can help you with the more difficult aspects of the molding of the piece.
After the piece is constructed, you will get to choose varnishes, cloth and other finishes. For most people this is the best part of the process. You will want to choose a high quality fabric. These can be found at most fabric stores and even online. Many people choose to have their own furniture made, because they are unable to find the colors and fabrics that they want. This is your opportunity to truly step outside the box and choose fabric that is fun and edgy.

The cost of having your own furniture made can be substantial. You will need to keep in mind that you may need to hire someone to assist you. Do not be afraid to call someone in if you feel that you have gotten in over your head. Ultimately you will have a piece that is fun, comfortable and one of a kind. Both the experience and the piece will be incredibly memorable for you.

World Architecture Festival 2013 – a report

By Team IAnD Photography: Courtesy WAF’13

October 2 -4 2013 saw three busy days of ideation, discussion and critiques on global architecture and design at the World Architecture Festival held at Moshe Safdie designed Marina Bay Sands, Singapore – a venue as awe inspiring as the projects that unfolded within its festive panorama-

The World Architecture Festival opened to enormous numbers (reportedly the biggest yet) with the theme of 2013 bring -Value and values’, -to examine the relationship between perceptions of financial value and the values that architects typically hold about their work.-

Director of WAF’13, Paul Finch commenting on the sheer quality and diversity of the projects entered into the festival, and shortlisted for the final round of awards, said that the array of projects demonstrated the increasingly global nature of the event.

Among various stalwarts from various quarters of the world, Mumbai’s Ar. Sanjay Puri’s corporate project in Jaipur -72 Screens’, was also shortlisted for the awards.

A vibrant, thought-provoking three-day session of presentations of various projects by the architects, seminars and talks on diverse issues that touch and plague the building industry were discussed and debated. Noted international speakers, project critiques and appreciations apart, everyone waited with baited breath as the ultimate honour – the winner of the World Building of the Year 2013 award was announced and granted to the Aukland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki in New Zealand by Frances-Jones Morehen Thorp and Archimedia.

The four main award winners including World Building of the Year Award were Botanical Garden Australia designed by landscape studio Taylor Cullity Lethlean and plant expert Paul Thompson for Landscape of the Year; National Maritime Museum of China designed by Cox Rayner Architects for Future Project of the Year; and Barcelona Apartment by David Kohn Architects for World Interior of the Year.

As part of INSIDE: World Festival of Interiors, an event held in conjunction with the WAF’13 with a concentration on interior projects, shortlisted 59 outstanding interior projects across the 12 award categories, Bars and Restaurants, Creative Re-use, Culture, Display, Education, Health, Hotels, Offices, Residential, Shopping Centres, Shops, and Transport. For the complete list of awardees, do check out:

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